20th November 1945: Nuremburg Trials Begin

Nuremburg was a series of trials in which former Nazi leaders were indited and tried as war criminals by the International Military Tribunal.They were indited on four counts: (1) crimes against peace (i.e., the planning, initiating, and waging of wars of aggression in violation of international treaties and agreements), (2) crimes against humanity (i.e., exterminations, deportations, and genocide), (3) war crimes (i.e., violations of the laws of war), and (4) “a common plan or conspiracy to commit” the criminal acts listed in the first three counts.
On October 1, 1946, the International Military Tribunal handed down its verdicts in the trials of 22 Nazi leaders – eleven were given the death penalty, three were acquitted, three were given life imprisonment and four were given imprisonment ranging from 10 to 20 years.

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